Programme > By author > Vanderheyden Vincent

Monday 4
1.2.a. Rural Europe : territorial perspective and rural development I (Luca Simone Rizzo and Katia-Laura Sidali)

› 16:50 - 17:10 (20min)
› salle Bordet (écuries)
Past mining areas as rural capital – Perspectives from Bucovina and Wallonia
Serge Schmitz  1@  , Charline Dubois, Vincent Vanderheyden, Viorel Chirita@
1 : Laplec, University of Liege  (ULg)  -  Website
Clos Mercator, 3, 4000 Liège -  Belgique

Due to the economic and social trauma caused by the closure of the sites, the dangers of abandoned sites and the soil pollution, the youthfulness of the vestiges, the symbol of the failure of an industrial development model, on-field mining remains were not considered as valuable heritage, particularly in rural spaces. In the dominant imagery of rural idyll, industrial mining and countryside concepts do not fit together (Cloke et al., 1996; Edelblutte & Legrand, 2012). Yet, such activities have a long history in some areas. The closure of mines results in wastelands with which stakeholders have nowadays various interests and concerns. Some of these wastelands could become places of heritage preservation and valorization (Fagnoni, 2003; Kitchen et al., 2006; Roth, 2007; Mitchell & O'Neill, 2016), other are neglected. In this paper, we consider old mining sites in two very different contexts, a post-socialist Carpathians area and a Western European area that knew precocious industrialisation. How these past mining areas could develop and enhance rural development and heritage landscapes? The mining wastelands are defined as abandoned areas where old traces of past mining are still present. These areas are waiting for a new evaluation in order to create rural development strategies and local projects. We study how to preserve and protect these authentic high value landscapes and what can be proposed as type of rural strategy and rural landscape management. How to reallocate the space of wasteland according to the valorisation of cultural and natural heritage? Through qualitative document analysis and stakeholders interviews, with the help of groups of master students, we are conducting this discussion on the basis of six case studies in Bucovine and Wallonia. If different scenarios are possible to allow these sites to be recognized, saved, protected, enhanced, developed for tourists and inhabitants, they must confront the divergent heritage, cultural, biological, urban and socio-economic interests and issues of local and regional actors.

 

Cloke P., Milbourne P. & Thomas C. (1996). From wasteland to wonderland: Opencast mining, regeneration and the English National Forest. Geoforum, 27, 2, pp. 159-174.

Dussart N. & Dussart J. (1991). Les mines de Chevron et Rahier : le manganèse de la basse vallée de la Lienne 1857-1934. Stavelot : Imprimerie J. Chauveheid.

 

Edelblutte S. & Legrand J. (2012). Patrimoine et culture industriels en milieu rural : quelles spécificités ?. Revue Géographique de l'Est [En ligne], 52, 3-4.

 

Fagnoni E. (2003). La mise en itinéraires touristiques des sites ferrifères du vieux bassin industriel. Téoros, 22, 2, pp. 22-27.

 

Kitchen L., Marsden T. & Milbourne P. (2006). Community forests and regeneration in post-industrial landscapes. Geoforum, 37, 5, pp. 831-843.

 

Mitchell C.J.A. & O'Neill K. (2016). Mine site re-purposing in northern Ontario: An application of the ‘Transition Template'.The Extractive Industries and Society, 3, 4, pp. 1018-1030.

 

Roth H. (2007). Espace rural et héritages industriels : entre mise en friche et mise en patrimoine. In: von Hirschhausen B. & Lacquement G. (2007) Revue d'études comparatives Est-Ouest - Le développement rural en Allemagne réunifiée : modèles, contextes, enjeux, 38, 3, pp. 175-192.

 


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